This year at Pennsic my 10-year-old son Alexander taught two classes in the family/youth track, which meant they were friendly to both kids and adults. Both classes were overfull and I promised to put the handouts and details online for those who didn’t get there in time for the materials or handouts. Please feel free to use the handouts for teaching your own classes — I only ask that you give credit to Alexander and that you comment here or drop me an e-mail to let me know.
Alexander’s butter making class was an extension of his A&S project for making butter this year. We brought our large wooden butter churn, as well as mini butter churns for each person. The mini churns were 8 oz. jelly jars with small holes drilled in the top. The mini dashers were made of dowels and small pine toy wheels available at Joanns, kept together with a little wood glue (we made the churns and dashers in advance). Cream is simply heavy whipping cream available at any grocery store — you need only about 1.5″ in the jar. It takes 10-20 minutes of churning to get butter with this size jar (time depends on how fast and consistently the churner works).
The handout is a one-page PDF and it explains the two historic ways of making butter: Butter-Making
Note: If you do this activity, let butter churners know that it’s possible to churn too much and get a very smooshy butter. So when the cream starts to glob together and leave a watery substance (the buttermilk), open up the jar and pour off the buttermilk.
Leather Pouch Making
Folks can make a real leather pouch based on an actual find in Heddeby. Anyone can do it, though the very wee ones will probably need their parents help to thread the thongs through the holes. To prepare for this class, we actually cut out the leather circles and punched the holes with awls in advance so kids would not have to do this (see handout for details on this). So in the class all we did was have folks thread the thongs in the leather in the correct sequence then add small wooden beads to the end of the thongs.
The handout is a one-page PDF and it explains how to cut the leather as well as how to thread it: leather-pouch-class
Note: If you teach this class, make sure your leather is not too thick to form into a pouch. Also make sure your thongs are strong enough not to break when pulled tight — some of the thongs we purchased at Pennsic broke when pulled.
Please let us know if you have any questions about these classes. Enjoy!